York in 1066
Norse arrive 1066
Norse march to Fulford
3D view of battle
1851 map of Fulford
John Speed map
York City Planning documents online
The Final Report
Kindle edition of Finding Fulford is now available
The Fulford Tapestry
The area of the battle has changed a little since 1066 but it is still
possible to walk over and understand the way the battle was fought.
||The landscape changes:
- The place where the English shieldwall formed up is as it was in
1066. Only the A19 and the stone bridge, which cuts through the two
lines, his changed. A terrace of five houses has been built beside
- The space where the Norse shieldwall formed up has not been built
over. But the land has been filled to make it a flat playing field
but the land that slopes down to the old ford can be observed all
- The redirection of Germany Beck between Fordlands Road bridge and
the A19 Stone Bridge removes the lazy loop beneath the playing
fields and it has been canalised to the north.
- A cemetery occupies the Norse right flank.
- There is one old folks’ home built along the beck.
- The ditch that separated the two armies can be clearly seen to the
east of the ford although the water channel is now along one edge
rather than meandering across the peat.
- The right flank of the English, beside the river Ouse, is still
open ground as are the Ings.
- The trackway through Water Fulford that leads down to the ford is
During flooding events it is also possible to understand the changes that
have been made to the route of the beck.
||The line of the beck that was revealed by the
deep soil cores is evident during a modest
flood. The old route and its course to the Ings is the first to flood as
The upwelling is at the spot where the old route reached the Ings (see map
at the top of the page).
| This might be an old culvert built when the bridge was
built and the beck re-routed. No records of this work can be traced.
This photo was taken from the Stone bridge, the old course of the beck runs between some
raised land and the modern route.
|We have been trying to identify a causeway on this higher
ground which was possibly used until about 7th century.
How much of the battle site has survived?
The site has survived remarkably well. It is possible to use public
footpaths to walk all the way from Riccall, to the fording place at the heart of
the battle. You can walk along both shieldwalls without moving off public paths.
Many of the paths are suitable for push and wheel chairs and they link the site
to a nearby Park and Ride. The battle site is already well served with buses and
has excellent foot and cycle access to the city centre. It is ready made for
visitors and I have conducted over 100 parties round the site and organised four
It is possible to give an excellent tour and in many places to stand on the
surface where the battle lines were drawn up in 1066. So I really feel the term
‘cultural crime’ can be applied to those who conspire to remove this option
by making this precise area into an access road.
These changes are small. It is easy to point to the 1066 landscape and the
few modern intrusions could easily be excluded when, for example, the BBC even
made a short film about the battle. The context has survived well so there is
much to preserve.